“IN ALL OF US THERE IS A HUNGER, MARROW DEEP, TO KNOW OUR HERITAGE – TO KNOW WHO WE ARE AND WHERE WE CAME FROM. WITHOUT THIS ENRICHING KNOWLEDGE, THERE IS A HOLLOW YEARNING. NO MATTER WHAT OUR ATTAINMENTS IN LIFE, THERE IS STILL A VACUUM, AN EMPTINESS, AND THE MOST DISQUIETING LONELINESS.” — ALEX HALEY

MIANWALIAN

TRIBES IMMIGRATIONS

MAHMUD OF GHAZNI IS SAID TO HAVE CONQUERED THE UPPER HALF OF THE DISTRICT AND BANNU, EXPELLING ITS HINDU INHABITANTS. HENCE THERE WAS NO ONE LEFT, CAPABLE OF OPPOSING THE SETTLEMENT OF IMMIGRANT TRIBES FROM ACROSS THE BORDER. THE SERIES OF PASHTUN IMMIGRATIONS INTO BANNU TOOK PLACE IN THE FOLLOWING ORDER

1. THE BANNUCHIS, WHO ABOUT FIVE HUNDRED YEARS AGO DISPLACED TWO SMALL TRIBES OF MANGALS AND HANNIS, OF WHOM LITTLE IS KNOWN AS WELL AS A SETTLEMENT OF KHATTAKS, FROM THE THEN MARSHY BUT FERTILE COUNTRY ON EITHER BANK OF THE KURRAM.

2. THE NIAZIS, WHO SOME HUNDRED AND FIFTY YEARS LATER SPREAD FROM TANK OVER THE PLAIN, THEN SPARSELY INHABITED BY PASTORAL JATS.

3. THE MARWATS, A YOUNGER BRANCH OF THE SAME TRIBE, WHO WITHIN ONE HUNDRED YEARS OF THE NIAZI SETTLEMENT OF MARWAT, FOLLOWED IN THEIR WAKE, AND DROVE THEM FARTHER EASTWARD INTO THE REGION NOW KNOWN AS ISA KHEL AND MIANWALI THE NIAZI,S IMMIGRATIONS

THE BANNUCHIS MUST HAVE SETTLED DOWN FOR NEARLY TWO CENTURIES, BEFORE THE NIAZAI IRRUPTION INTO MARWAT TOOK PLACE. THE NIAZAIS ARE LODIS AND OCCUPIED THE HILLS ABOUT SALGHAR, WHICHARE NOW HELD BY THE SULEMAN KHELS, UNTIL A FEUD WITH THE GHILZAIS COMPELLED THEM TO MIGRATE ELSEWHERE. MARCHING SOUTH BY EAST, THE EXPELLED TRIBE FOUND A TEMPORARY RESTING PLACE IN TANK. THERE THE NIAZAIS LIVED FOR SEVERAL GENERATIONS, OCCUPYING THEMSELVES AS TRADERS AND CARRIERS, AS DO THEIR KINSMEN THE LOHANI PAWINDAHS IN THE PRESENT DAY. AT LENGTH TOWARDS THE CLOSE OF THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY, NUMBERS SPREAD NORTH INTO THE PLAIN NOW KNOWN AS MARWAT, AND SQUATTED THERE AS GRAZIERS, AND PERHAPS TOO AS CULTIVATORS, ON THE BANKS OF THE KURRAM AND GAMBILA, SOME FIFTEEN MILES BELOW THE BANNUCHI SETTLEMENTS. THERE THEY LIVED IN PEACE FOR ABOUT FIFTY YEARS, WHEN THE MARWAT LOHANIS, A YOUNGER BRANCH OF THE LODI GROUP, SWARMED INTO THE COUNTRY AFTER THEM, DEFEATED THEM IN BATTLE, AND DROVE THEM ACROSS THE KURRAM AT TANG DARRA, IN THE VALLEY BEYOND WHICH THEY FOUND A FINAL HOME. AT THE TIME OF THE NIAZAI IRRUPTION, MARWAT SEEMS TO HAVE BEEN ALMOST UNINHABITED, EXCEPT BY A SPRINKLING OF PASTORAL JATS; BUT THE BANK OF THE INDUS APPARENTLY SUPPORTED A CONSIDERABLE JAT AND AWAN POPULATION. THE MOST IMPORTANT SECTIONS OF THE EXPELLED NIAZAIS WERE THE ISAKHEL, MUSHANIS AND A PORTION OF THE SARHANGS. THE FIRST NAMED TOOK ROOT IN THE SOUTH OF THEIR NEW COUNTRY AND SHORTLY DEVELOPED INTO AGRICULTURISTS ; THE SECOND SETTLED FARTHER TO THE NORTH ROUNDABOUT KAMAR MUSHANI, AND SEEM FOR A TIME TO HAVE LED A PASTORAL LIFE ; OF THE SARHANGS, SOME TOOK UP THEIR ABODE AT SULTAN KHEL, WHILE OTHERS, AFTER DRIFTING ABOUT FOR SEVERAL GENERATIONS, PERMANENTLY ESTABLISHED THEMSELVES CIS-INDUS ON THE DESTRUCTION OF THE GHAKKAR STRONGHOLD OF MUAZZAM NAGAR BY ONE OF AHMAD SHAH’S LIEUTENANTS. THAT EVENT OCCURRED ABOUT 1748, AND WITH IT TERMINATED THE LONG CONNECTION OF THE GHAKKARS WITH MIANWALI. THEY SEEM TO HAVE BEEN DOMINANT IN THE NORTHERN PARTS OF THE COUNTRY EVEN BEFORE THE EMPEROR AKBAR PRESENTED IT IN JAGIR TO TWO OF, THEIR CHIEFS. DURING THE CIVIL COMMOTIONS OF JEHANGIR’S REIGN THE NIAZAIS ARE SAID TO HAVE DRIVEN THE GHAKKARS ACROSS THE SALT RANGE, AND THOUGH, IN THE FOLLOWING REIGN, THE LATTER RECOVERED THEIR POSITION, STILL THEIR HOLD ON THE COUNTRY WAS PRECARIOUS, AND CAME TO AN END ABOUT THE MIDDLE OF THE 18TH CENTURY AS STATED ABOVE. THE REMAINS OF MUAZZAM NAGAR, THEIR LOCAL CAPITAL, WERE VISIBLE ON THE LEFT HIGH BANK OF THE INDUS ABOUT SIX MILES SOUTH OF MIANWALI, UNTIL THE SITE WAS ERODED BY THE RIVER ABOUT THE YEAR 1870. THE NIAZAIS THUS ESTABLISHED THEMSELVES IN ISA KHEL OVER THREE HUNDRED YEARS AGO, BUT THEIR SARHANG BRANCH DID NOT FINALLY OBTAIN ITS PRESENT POSSESSIONS IN MIANWALI, UNTIL NEARLY 150 YEARS LATER. THE ACQUISITION OF THEIR CIS-INDUS POSSESSIONS WAS NECESSARILY GRADUAL, THE COUNTRY HAVING A SETTLED, THOUGH WEAK GOVERNMENT, AND BEING INHABITED BY AWANS AND JATS.

NIAZIS

NIAZIS   MALE POPULATION

NIAZIS   MALE POPULATION IN 1931 AS PER THE CENSUS OF 1931 WAS AS UNDER  —

 MIANWALI =   19,500

        KOHAT   =    2,500

      BANNU   =  2,000

DEHRA ISMAIL KHAN   =    500

 TOTAL =  24,500

 

NIAZI WERE  LIVING MOSTLY  ON BOTH BANKS OF THE INDUS CHIEFLY IN THE ISA KHEL AND MIANWALI ,TEHSILS OF THE MIANWALI DISTRICT.

 HISTORY AND PARTICULARS

 THE NIAZIS ARE A PATHAN TRIBE DESCENDED FROM NIAZAI  ONE OF THE THREE SONS OF IBRAHIM, SURNAMED LODAI. THEY ARE THUS LODI PATHANS  AND AKIN TO THE DOTANNI, PRANGIS, SURS, ETC. AFTER THEIR DEFEAT BY THE MARWATS AT  THE BEGINNING OF THE 16TH CENTURY, THEY FOUND A HOME IN THE TRANS-INDUS PORTION  OF THE MIANWAH DISTRICT, EAST OF THE TANGA DARRA BY EXPELLING OR REDUCING TO  SERFDOM THE AWANS AND JATS WHO THEY FOUND THERE. THE SARHANI SECTION  SUBSEQUENTLY OCCUPIED THE LEFT BANK OF THE INDUS. THEY ARE STILL FAIRLY NUMEROUS  IN KOHAT AND BANNU DISTRICTS AND ARE FOUND IN SMALL NUMBERS IN DERA ISMAIL  KHAN. PART OF THE TRIBE IS NOMADIC, TRADING BETWEEN KHORASAN AND THE DERAJAT, PITCHING THEIR CAMP AT ISA KHEL IN THE WINTER. ALTHOUGH THEIR LANGUAGE (PASHTO)  HAS BEEN COMPLETELY REPLACED BY PUNJABI IN THE MIANWALI TEHSIL AND IS  UNDERGOING THE SAME PROCESS IN THE ISA KHEL TEHSIL, THEY RETAIN GREAT PRIDE IN  BEING PATHANS. THE AWANS AND JATS LIVING AMONGST THEM FROM THE GREAT MASS OF THE POPULATION BUT ARE IN THE GREAT MAJORITY OF CASES ONLY TENANTS. THE TRIBE IS  ALMOST ENTIRELY AGRICULTURAL, THEY HAVE BEEN ENLISTED FOR THE INFANTRY AND PROVE A  GREAT SUCCESS AS SOLDIERS, THEIR PHYSIQUE IS VERY MUCH ABOVE THE AVERAGE

MR IQBAL KHAN NIAZI

AN INTERVIEWS WITH MR IQBAL KHAN NIAZI, THE WRITER OF ‘TAAREEKH-E-NIAZI QABAIL” OR “HISTORY OF THE NIAZI TRIBES’. RECORDED IN 2006 AT ATTOCK CITY OF PAKISTAN BY ABDUL QADIR KHAN DILAZAK .

PART – 1

PART-2

THE KHATTAKS / BHANGI KHELS

IMMIGRATIONS

A FEW OF THE KHATTAKS, WHO HAD PRECEDED THE NIAZAIS INTO THE ISA KHEL TAHSIL, CLUNG TO THE FOOT OF THE MAIDANI RANGE, AND COULD NOT BE DRIVEN OUT BY THE NIAZAIS. THE BHANGI KHELS, A STRONG LITTLE SECTION OF KHATTAKS, SPREAD UP INTO THE BHANGI KHEL TRACT SOME 400 YEARS AGO, AND REMAIN THERE TO THIS DAY.

THE AWANS OF MIANWALI

THE AWANS NOW OCCUPY THAT PART OF THE DISTRICT WHICH LIES EAST OF THE DHAK SPUR OF THE SALT RANGE AND IS KNOWN AS KHUDRI, PAKHAR, OR AWANKARI. THEY HAVE BEEN ALMOST THE SOLE OCCUPANTS OF THAT EXTENSIVE TRACT FOR ATLEAST SIX HUNDRED YEARS AND MAY PERHAPS HAVE RESIDED THERE SINCE THE ARAB INVASIONS OF THE SEVENTH CENTURY; BUT AS TO WHETHER THEY ORIGINALLY CAME FROM ARABIA, AS THEY CLAIM TO HAVE DONE, IS MORE THAN DOUBTFUL. INDEED THE PROBABILITIES ARE THAT THEY MIGRATED FROM THE EAST AND WERE DESCENDED ORIGINALLY FROM RAJPUTS, WHO DID NOT MAINTAIN THEIR CASTE OWING TO INTERMARRIAGE WITH LOWER CLANS. THAT PAKHAR WAS ONCE A STRONGHOLD OF RAJPUTS IS OBVIOUS FROM THE RUINS OF RAJA SIRKAPP’S FORT ON THE HILLOCK OVERLOOKING NAMMAL AND THE LEGENDS CONNECTING HIM WITH RAJA RISALU OF SIALKOT, WHICH ARE SUNG TO THIS DAY. THE NAMES OF THE ANCESTORS OF DIFFERENT WARHIS OR SUB-CLANS, WHICH HAVE BEEN HANDED DOWN TO TRADITION, SUCH AS SIG SINGH, NAR SINGH, BHAG SINGH, ALSO STRENGTHEN THE THEORY OF A RAJPUT ORIGIN.PREVIOUS TO THE DECILNE AND EXTINCTION OF GHAKKAR AUTHORITIES IN MIANWALI, THE AWAN POSSESSIONS EXTENDED WESTWARD OF THE SALT RANGE. BUT THE ADVANCING NIAZAI TIDE COMPELLED THEM TO RETIRE BEFORE IT, AND FOR UPWARDS OF ONE HUNDRED YEARS PAST THE MOUNTAIN BARRIER, WHICH RUNS FROM SAKESAR TO KALABAGH, HAS HERE ABRUPTLY MARKED THE LIMITS OF PATHAN EXPANSION TO THE EAST AND AWAN CONTRACTION TO THE WEST.

THE JAT AND BILUCH IMMIGRATION

BEFORE THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY THE LOWER PORTION OF THE DISTRICT WAS PROBABLY OCCUPIED BY A FEW SCATTERED TRIBES OF JATS, DEPENDING ON THEIR CATTLE FOR SUBSISTENCE .THE VALLEY OF THE INDUS WAS A .DENSE JUNGLE, SWARMING WITH PIG AND HOG-DEER, AND FREQUENTED BY NUMEROUS TIGERS; WHILE THE THAL MUST HAVE BEEN ALMOST UNOCCUPIED.ALL THE TRADITIONS OF THE PEOPLE GO TO SHOW THAT AN IMMIGRATION OF MIXED TRIBES OF JATS (SIYARS, CHHINAS, KHOKARS, &.C.,) SET IN ABOUT THE BEGINNING OF THE 15TH CENTURY FROM THE MULTAN AND BAHAWALPUR DIRECTION.THEY GRADUALLY PASSED UP THE VALLEY OF THE INDUS TO THE MIANWALI TAHSIL, OCCUPYING THE INTERVENING COUNTRY. MOST OF THEIR VILLAGES WOULD HAVE BEEN LOCATED ON THE EDGE OF THE THAL AND A PORTION OF THE IMMIGRANTS PROBABLY CROSSED THE RIVER AND SETTLED ALONG ITS RIGHT BANK. AFTER THESE CAME THE BILUCHES. THEY ALSO CAME FROM THE SOUTH, BUT IN LARGE BANDS UNDER RECOGNIZED LEADERS, AND THEY APPEAR TO HAVE TAKEN MILITARY RATHER THAN PROPRIETARY POSSESSION OF THE COUNTRY. THEY WERE THE RULING CASTE, AND SERVED UNDER THEIR CHIEFS IN THE; PERPETUAL LITTLE WARS THAT WERE THEN GOING ON IN EVERY DIRECTION. IT IS PROBABLE THAT THE JAT IMMIGRATION CONTINUED FOR SOMETIME AFTER THE BILUCHES FIRST CAME INTO THE COUNTRY. HOWEVER IT MAY HAVE BEEN, ALL THE KACHHI, IMMEDIATELY ADJOINING THE THAL BANK, SEEMS TO HAVE BEEN PARCELLED OFF TO JAT FAMILIES. EACH BLOCK WAS ACCOMPANIED WITH A LONG STRIP OF THAL TO THE BACK. THESE ESTATES ARE THE ORIGIN OF THE PRESENT MAUZAS AS FAR NORTH AS KUNDIAN IN THE MIANWALI TAHSIL.

THEY ARE ALMOST ALL HELD BY JATS. HERE AND THERE, SHARES ARE HELD BY BILUCHES, BUT THESE HAVE MOSTLY BEEN ACQUIRED IN LATER TIMES BY PURCHASE. IN THE SAME WAY THE UNOCCUPIED LANDS TOWARDS THE RIVER WERE DIVIDED OFF INTO BLOCKS, AND FORMED INTO SEPARATE ESTATES ; AND SOMETIMES; WHERE THE HADS FIRST, FORMED HAD TOO MUCH WASTE LAND, NEW HADS WERE FORMED IN LATER TIMES BY SEPARATING OFF OUTLYING PORTIONS OF THE OLD ESTATES. THIS DIVISION INTO HADS EXTENDED RIGHT UP TO KUNDIAN. IN COURSE OF TIME, AS THE BILUCHES SETTLED DOWN IN THE COUNTRY, INDIVIDUALS ACQUIRED PLOTS OF LAND FOR WELLS, BUT GENERALLY IN SUBORDINATION TO THE HAD PROPRIETORS OR LORDS OF MANORS. HERE AND THERE A SMALL CLAN SETTLED DOWN TOGETHER, BUT THIS WAS THE EXCEPTION. BILUCHES ARE STILL TOLERABLY NUMEROUS ALL THROUGH THE SOUTHERN PART OF THE

KACHHI, UP TO DARYA KHAN; BUT THOUGH THEY WERE ORIGINALLY THE RULING RACE, STILL, AS REGARDS PROPRIETARY RIGHTS IN THE LAND THEY HOLD A POSITION INFERIOR TO THAT OF THE JATS AND SAYYADS, BY WHOM THE SUPERIOR PROPRIETORSHIP OF HADS IS GENERALLY HELD. NORTH OF DARYA KHAN THERE ARE VERY FEW BILUCHES. IN THE THAL THE POPULATION IS NEARLY ENTIRELY JAT. THE MAMDANIS OF KHANSAR, THE MAGASSIS, A TRIBE WHICH CAME IN VERY EARLY, AND SETTLED IN THE EASTERN THAL ABOUT DHINGANA AND HAIDARABAD, AND THE ZURRANIS OF DAB IN THE MIANWALI TAHSIL, ARE ALMOST THE ONLY CONSIDERABLE BODIES OF BILUCHES TO BE FOUND IN THE THAL.

ALL THROUGH THE KACHHI THE MASS OF THE VILLAGES ARE NAMED AFTER JAT FAMILIES, WHO FORM THE BULK OF THE PROPRIETORS. THESE ARE GENERALLY THE DESCENDANTS OF THE ORIGINAL FOUNDERS, AND HAVE STUCK TOGETHER. IN THE THAL THERE ARE A LARGE NUMBER OF VILLAGES HELD IN THE SAME WAY BY MEN OF PARTICULAR FAMILIES ; BUT IN MOST THE POPULATION IS VERY MIXED, NEARLY EVERY WELL BEING HELD BY A MAN OF A DIFFERENT CASTE. THE ONLY JAT TRIBES IN THE THAL DESERVING OF SPECIAL MENTION ARE THE CHHINAS AND BHIDWALS. THE CHHINA COUNTRY EXTENDS ACROSS FROM CHHINA, BEHAL AND NOTAK, ON THE EDGE OF THE KACHHI , TO MANKERA AND HAIDARABAD ON THE FURTHER SIDE OF THE THAL. THE BHIDWALS POSSESS A SOMEWHAT SMALLER TRACT ROUND KARLUWALA AND MAHNI IN THE NEIGHBOURHOOD OF THE JHANG BORDER. THEY HAVE ALWAYS BEEN A GOOD FIGHTING TRIBE.

THE BILUCH PATHANS

A FEW FAMILIES OF BILUCH PATHANS CAME ACROSS THE INDUS . FROM THE PANIALA HILLS .OF THESE, ONE BECAME DOMINANT AT PIPLAN, WHILE THE OTHERS MOVED ON INTO THE THAL AND TOOK UP THEIR ABODE EVENTUALLY IN AND ABOUT JANDANWALA.

ISA KHELVIES 

FAMALIES TREEs

 

 IN THIS SECTION

FAMILY TREE OF PEOPLE LIVING IN OR FROM

ISA KHEL HAVE BEEN INCLUDED

THIS SITE HAS   LARGEST ONLINE LIBRARY OF FAMILY TREES WITH PICTURES ABOUT  ISA KHELVI CLANS AND THEIR HISTORY INFORMATION AND  WE’RE CONSTANTLY ADDING MORE. SO, THERE ARE ALWAYS NEW DISCOVERIES WAITING FOR YOU.

AWANS FROM  CHAKRALA

ON THIS PAGE FAMILY TREES OF GHAZI KHEL AWANS FROM CHAKRALA IN THIS REGARD 786ISAKHEL IS SPECIALLY THANKFULL TO MR    MALIK MUHAMMAD KHAN AWAN


Comments

ANCESTORs — 19 Comments

    • Dear friend,s = You may contact me for any information regarding,”Shajra”Cultural information and Hiistory of Essa khel. Thanks:M Bilal khan Cell#03325417829

  1. YOUR VALUABLE WORDS : Surprisingly you have missed the very important section of the Isakhel family tree.Khanikhel is the most significant sub-tribe of Isakhel zakokhel.Similarly fatehkhel another tribe of which the khanzamekhel to belongs are also missing.Please add the same.

    • DEAR QAMAR N ALL MIANWALIANS
      I WANT TO ADD EACH N EVERY MIANWALIAN BUT I CAN ONLY POST THE DATA WHICH I HAVE. NOW I REQUEST U PLEASE SEND ME SAJRA N I WILL POST IT WITH OUT ANY DELAY
      THANKS FOR COMMENTS

  2. Dear brother, It is a great pleasure that you have tried to introduce your tribe on media line. I pray for your ancestors and family till Hussain. If you work to explore the tree of all Niazi tribe through reference books,,,,; it will be a memorial job on you part.Muhammad Ayub Khan- Bahrain

  3. ap ny is site py work theek sy nahi kia
    khan zaman khel mein 8 khelian hain jin ka ap ko shayad kise ne nahi btaya….i m sorry apki site adhoori hai

  4. brother you have done a good job. but ap ki website se lagta ha ya website only pathans k liye ha. isa khel men aur b bahot se famlies rehti hain. khas tor par nawab kala bagh. but un k mutaliq ap ki website pe bahot kam data ha. malik nafees arain. News one t.v channel islamabad.
    03336080854

    • DEAR ASAD ULLAH KHAN NIAZI
      AOA
      THANKS FOR YOUR COMMENTS DEAR PLEASE CHECK
      http://786isakhel.com/?page_id=1146
      I AM POSITIVE THAT U WILL GET THE ANSWER BUT EVEN THEN IF SAME IS NOT AVAL OR REQUIRE UPDATION PLEASE LET ME KNOW I WILL DO IT . BHAI I STARTED THE WORK NOW IT U TO MAKE IT RIVER FROM DROP N KEEP IT FLOWING
      THANKS

  5. Dear admin,

    Sir as u are from Mianwali and u know it really well. I wanted to know regarding a famous man named Afzal Malik. He was murdered, he has son named Ali Malik who is a young 26 year old boy and supposedly the chief of the tribe now. Afzal maliks son and his brother were also murdered. I would be really thankful to you if you would be able to tell me about the family.

  6. ASALAM-O-ALIKUM
    Bhai jan ap ny bhot achi web site lounch ke hai dakh kar dil kush ho jita hai khas kar jab koi apna gar isa khai sa door ho mager bahi ya to gulat hai k app na sirf un ka bura ma likha hai jo khail hain mager isa khail ma hum hashmi bhe hain aur bhe boath log hai un ka koi ziker nahe ya to theek nahe pls un ka baray ma bhe kuch lakh do pls
    thanks
    tariq hashmi

  7. its a great effort n i really like everthing in it…can u put isub khel’s shajra????….

  8. Hello,
    I am trying to find my ancestors. I belong to IsaKhel in pakistan but came to india after partition. I would be obliged if you could trace my ancestors.My last name is Ghodekhel.
    Thanks in advance for your help!
    S Ghodekhel

    • DEAR
      THANKS FOR VISIT AND COMMENTS PLEASE SEND ME MORE DETAILS ABOUT YOURSELF.YOUR FATHER NAME ,DATE OF BIRTH ,MOHALLA ETC THEN I CAN LET YOU KNOW ABOUT THAT
      THANKS