MIANWALI

THE CURRENT DISTRICT OF MIANWALI WAS CREATED IN NOVEMBER 1901, WHEN THE KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA WAS CARVED OUT OF PUNJAB AND THE TOWNS OF MIANWALI, ISA KHEL, KALABAGH, AND KUNDIAN WERE SEPARATED FROM BANNU DISTRICT. A NEW DISTRICT, NAMED MIANWALI DISTRICT, WAS CREATED WITH ITS HEADQUARTERS IN MIANWALI CITY AND PLACED IN PUNJAB, AND IT BECAME A PART OF MULTAN DIVISION. MIANWALI ORIGINALLY CONTAINED FOUR TEHSILS: MIANWALI, ISA KHEL, BHAKKAR, AND LAYYAH. IN 1909 LAYYAH WAS TRANSFERRED TO MUZAFFARGARH DISTRICT. THE DISTRICT BECAME A PART OF SARGODHA DIVISION IN 1961. IN 1982 BHAKKAR TEHSIL WAS REMOVED FROM MIANWALI AND BECAME A SEPARATE DISTRICT OF SARGODHA DIVISION.

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MIANWALI DISTRICT’S AREA ONCE FORMED AN INTEGRAL PART OF THE GRECO-BACTRIAN EMPIRE OF KABUL AND THE PUNJAB.ACCORDING TO SOME HISTORICAL ACCOUNTS THE AREA WAS CALLED HINDU SHAHIA WHEN ALEXANDER THE GREAT INVADED INDIA IN 325 BC. MAHMUD GHAZNAVI AND LATER MUHAMMAD GHAURI ANNEXED GREATER PART OF PUNJAB TO THE EMPIRE OF GHAZNA.

THE LOCAL HINDU POPULATION CONVERTED AND HAS REMAINED STAUNCH BELIEVERS IN ISLAM EVER SINCE.

THE RUINS FOUND IN THE EASTERN AND NORTHERN PARTS OF THE DISTRICT SUGGEST THAT THE AREA HAS BEEN PART OF ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS, HOWEVER, IT CAN BE SAID THAT IN SOUTHERN WATERLESS THAL THERE WAS NO INHABITATION PRIOR TO 14TH CENTURY DUE TO NON EXISTENCE OF ANY LIVELIHOOD SOURCE.

THE DISTRICT WAS POPULATED BY THE MIGRATION OF TRIBES FROM THREE SIDES. AWANS CAME FROM THE NORTH-EAST, JATS AND BALOCH MOVED UP NORTH INTO THE AREA FROM THE VALLEY OF INDUS, AND PAKHTUNS TRIBES DESCENDED FROM THE NORTH-WEST. JATS MIGRATED MAINLY FOR THE ECONOMIC REASONS WHILE THE AREA WAS A SAFER HAVEN FOR FEUDING PASHTUN TRIBES.

ALMOST ALL THE PROMINENT TRIBES OF PRESENT-DAY MIANWALI CAME TO THIS REGION AFTER 13TH CENTURY.

BEFORE THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY THE LOWER PORTION OF THE DISTRICT WAS PROBABLY OCCUPIED BY A FEW SCATTERED JAT TRIBES, DEPENDING ON THEIR CATTLE FOR SUBSISTENCE.

THE VALLEY OF INDUS WAS A DENSE JUNGLE, SWARMING WITH PIGS AND HOG-DEER AND FREQUENTED BY TIGERS; WHILE THE THAL MUST HAVE BEEN ALMOST UNOCCUPIED.

NIAZI PATHANS POURED INTO THE AREA FROM THE WEST AND GOT A FOOT HOLD ON BOTH THE HIGH BANKS OF INDUS DURING THE REIGN OF LODHI DYNASTY.

AWANS WHO HAD BEEN OCCUPYING THE AREA FORMERLY ASCENDED THE EASTERN HILLS AND SETTLED IN THE PLAINS BEYOND THE SALT RANGE.

DURING THE MUGHAL RULE, GHAKKARS BECAME FEUDATORIES. THEY WERE UPROOTED AND DRIVEN OUT BY NIAZIS AT THE DECLINE OF MUGHAL EMPIRE AND IN THE TIME OF NADIR SHAH’S INVASION OF INDIA. THE AREA FELL TO SIKHS IN THE LAST DECADES OF NINETEENTH CENTURY. SIKHS RULED UNTIL THE ANNEXATION OF PUNJAB IN 1849 BY THE BRITISH.

DURING BRITISH RULE, THE INDIAN EMPIRE WAS SUBDIVIDED INTO PROVINCES, DIVISIONS AND DISTRICTS. THE BRITISH HAD MADE THE TOWNS OF MIANWALI AND ISAKHEL TEHSIL HEADQUARTERS OF BANNU DISTRICT THEN PART OF DERA ISMAIL KHAN DIVISION OF PUNJAB PROVINCE.

IN NOVEMBER 1901, THE KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA PROVINCE WAS CARVED OUT OF PUNJAB AND THE TOWNS OF MIANWALI, ISAKHEL, KALABAGH, AND KUNDIAN WERE SEPARATED FROM BANNU DISTRICT (BANNU BECAME PART OF NWFP) AND HENCE A NEW DISTRICT WAS MADE WITH THE HEADQUARTERS IN MIANWALI CITY AND PLACED IN PUNJAB. THE DISTRICT BECAME A PART OF RAWALPINDI DIVISION. THERE WERE FOUR TEHSILS NAMELY MIANWALI, ISAKHEL, BHAKKAR, AND LAYYAH. LAYYAH WAS INCLUDED IN THE MUZAFFARGARH DISTRICT IN 1909. THE DISTRICT BECAME A PART OF SARGODHA DIVISION IN 1961.

BHAKKAR TEHSIL WAS CARVED OUT OF MIANWALI DISTRICT AND MADE A SEPARATE DISTRICT INSIDE SARGODHA DIVISION IN 1982.

DISTRICT MIANWALI DERIVES ITS NAME FROM A LOCAL SAINT, MIAN ALI WHO HAD A SMALL HAMLET IN THE 16TH CENTURY ON THE EASTERN BANK OF INDUS, WHICH CAME TO BE CALLED MIANWALI AFTER HIS NAME.

THE AREA WAS FORMALLY KNOWN AS KACHACHI.

A TYPICAL HOUSEHOLD IN MIANWALI

AVERAGE HOUSEHOLD SIZE IN MIANWALI DISTRICT IS 7.1 PERSONS.

URBAN HOUSEHOLD SIZE AT 7.3 HIGHER THAN THE RURAL.

HOUSEHOLDS HAVING FOUR OR LESS FAMILY MEMBERS MAKE ONLY 26 PERCENT OF THE TOTAL IN THE DISTRICT WHILE 38 PERCENT CONSISTS OF EIGHT OR MORE FAMILY MEMBERS.

22 PERCENT OF THE TOTAL FAMILIES LIVE IN ONE ROOM HOUSES, ALTHOUGH THEIR AVERAGE FAMILY SIZE IS 5 PERSONS.

ON AN AVERAGE EACH HOUSING UNIT HAS 2.7 ROOMS AND EACH ROOM HOUSES 2.6 PERSONS.

ONLY 3.4 PERCENT OF THE RURAL HOUSES WERE ON RENT WHILE FIGURE WAS 9.2 PERCENT FOR THE URBAN AREAS.

11 PERCENT OF THE HOUSES IN RURAL AREAS WERE AGED LESS THAN 5 YEARS WHILE THE SAME FIGURE FOR URBAN AREAS WAS 9 PERCENT.

67.2 PERCENT OF THE HOUSES IN VILLAGES HAVE WALLS MADE OF BAKED BRICKS WHILE THE REST HAVE KATCHA WALLS. IN TOWNS HOWEVER 80 PERCENT OF THE HOUSES ARE BUILT WITH BAKED BRICKS. SIMILARLY, IN URBAN AREAS 15 PERCENT OF THE ROOFS ARE BUILT WITH REINFORCED CONCRETE AND 63 PERCENT WITH WOOD WHILE IN RURAL AREAS ONLY 8 PERCENT HOUSES HAVE RCC ROOFS AND THE MAJORITY (74 PERCENT) ARE MADE OF WOODEN PLANKS.

50 PERCENT OF THE RURAL HOUSEHOLDS HAVE A HAND PUMP AND 19 PERCENT HAVE TAP WATER WITHIN THE HOUSE WHILE IN URBAN AREAS 40 PERCENT DEPEND ON TAP WATER AND 50 PERCENT USE HAND PUMP FOR DAILY USE WATER.

IN TOWNS 90 PERCENT HAVE ELECTRICITY CONNECTIONS WHILE IN VILLAGES ONLY 59 PERCENT HAVE THIS FACILITY AND 41 PERCENT BURN OIL FOR LIGHT.

10 PERCENT USE NATURAL GAS AS COOKING FUEL IN URBAN AREAS WITH THE REST BURNING WOOD OR KEROSENE OIL WHILE IN RURAL AREAS ONLY 2.3 PERCENT USE NATURAL GAS AND 90.2 PERCENT BURN WOOD FOR COOKING THEIR FOOD. IN RURAL AREA 78 PERCENT OF THE HOUSES DO NOT HAVE A LATRINE WHILE IN URBAN AREA 28.2 PERCENT HOUSES LACK THIS FACILITY.

20 PERCENT OF THE RURAL HOUSEHOLDS HAVE ACCESS TO TELEVISION WHILE THE RATIO FOR URBAN AREAS IS 40.2 PERCENT.

THE 1ST DEPUTY COMMISSIONER OF THE MIANWALI WAS LIEUTENANT-COLONEL AUBREY JOHN “A.J.” O’BRIEN CBE CIE (5 DECEMBER 1870 – 31 AUGUST 1930). HE WAS AN OFFICER IN THE BRITISH INDIAN ARMY AND A WRITER ON INDIA. [“WHO WAS WHO 1929-1940”, 1941]. HE SERVED MIANWALI NOT ONCE BUT THRICE, SECOND TIME IN 1906 AND THIRD TIME IN 1914. HOWEVER, HE WAS PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF MAJOR DURING HIS THIRD TENURE AT MIANWALI. O’BRIEN WAS MADE CIE IN 1906 AND CBE IN 1919. HE DIED IN KENSINGTON. HE IS BURIED IN BROMPTON CEMETERY, LONDON.

PAF  BASE MIANWALI. ORIGINALLY A WW2 AIRSTRIP, IT WAS DECIDED THAT MIANWALI WOULD BE UPGRADED INTO A SATELLITE AIRBASE FOR PAF BASE MUSHAF (THEN PAF BASE SARGODHA) DURING THE 1965 INDO-PAK WAR TO ACT AS AN ALTERNATE RECOVERY AIRFIELD. PAFB MIANWALI BECAME OPERATIONAL IN OCTOBER 1971 AND WAS FIRST COMMANDED BY GROUP CAPTAIN S. M. DUTTA. AIRCRAFT OF DIFFERENT TYPES, INCLUDING THE SHENYANG F-6, WERE OPERATED FROM THE BASE DURING THE 1971 INDO-PAK WAR. PILOTS AND ANTI-AIRCRAFT GUNNERS OF PAFB MIANWALI SHOT DOWN 5 ENEMY AIRCRAFT DURING THAT CONFLICT, THE FIRST THREE DAYS OF WHICH THE BASE CAME UNDER REGULAR ATTACKS.PAFB MIANWALI WAS AGAIN UPGRADED TO A PERMANENT OPERATIONAL AIRBASE IN AUGUST 1974 . THE FIRST BASE COMMANDER WAS WING COMMANDER SULTAN MUHAMMAD. DURING NOVEMBER 1975, THE NO.1 FIGHTER CONVERSION UNIT (FCU) WAS TRANSFERRED TO PAFB MIANWALI FROM PAF BASE MASROOR WHERE IT BEGAN FIGHTER CONVERSION TRAINING USING THE FT-5 DUAL-SEAT TRAINING AIRCRAFT.

MIANWALI JAIL IS A PRE-PARTITION CENTRAL JAIL WHICH IS NOTORIOUS FOR IMPRISONING MANY STATE REBELS AND POLITICIANS SUCH AS SHIEKH MUJEEB UR REHMAN AND ZULFIQAR ALI BHUTTO WERE KEPT HERE. CENTRAL JAIL MIANWALI IS AN ANCIENT AND HISTORICAL JAIL IN MIANWALI, PAKISTAN LOCATED ON RAWALPINDI ROAD NEARLY 8 KILOMETERS AWAY FROM MIANWALI CITY. THE MAJOR PORTION OF THE JAIL CONSISTS OF MUDDY BARRACKS AND CELL-BLOCKS PLASTERED WITH CLAY. GHAZI ILMUDDIN SHAHEED WAS EXECUTED IN THIS JAIL ON 31 OCTOBER 1929 DURING THE BRITISH RULE. THE CONDEMNED PRISONERS’ CELL IN WHICH GHAZI ILMUDDIN SHAHEED WAS CONFINED DURING LAST NIGHT OF HIS LIFE (BETWEEN 30–31 OCTOBER 1929) MIANWALI JAIL WAS CONSTRUCTED IN 1904 WITH 293 PRISONERS IN THE JAIL AND WAS MADE DISTRICT JAIL IN 1913 WHEN THERE WERE 228 PRISONERS IN THE JAIL.  BETWEEN 1911 TO 1913 IN THREE YEARS IN  1911 DEATH RATE WAS 6.49, IN 1912 DEATH RATE WAS NIL AND IN 1913 DEATH RATE WAS ALSO NIL

PRISONERS ADMITTED IN HOSPITAL WERE AS UNDER FROM 1911 TO 1913.IN 1911, 364 PRISONERS WERE ADMITTED IN THE HOSPITAL, IN  1912, 357 PRISONERS WERE ADMITTED IN THE HOSPITALAND IN  1913, 516 PRISONERS WERE ADMITTED IN THE HOSPITAL

PRISONERS IN THE JAIL WERE ALSO MADE TO WORK AND A VARIETY OF THINGS WERE MADE BY THE PRISONERS WHICH WERE PUT UP FOR SALE IN THE MARKET. JAIL PROFIT FROM THOSE ITEMS WAS IN 1911 PROFIT WAS RS. 1863, IN 1912 PROFIT WAS RS. 1229 AND IN 1913 PROFIT WAS RS. 1314

JAIL IN CHARGE USED TO BE SUPERINTENDENT   JAIL UNDER WHOM ONE JAILER AND TWO ASSISTANT JAILERS USED TO WORK. JAIL WAS ALSO HAVING 40 WARDEN. DISTRICT JAIL MAINSAIL WAS MADE CENTRAL JAIL IN MAY 1960 AND IN CHARGE AT THAT TIME WAS SUPERINTENDENT MR. JAHANGIR KHAN. SCHOOL, HOSPITAL, MOSQUE AND LIBRARY ARE ALSO PRESENT IN THE CENTRAL JAIL.

GHAZI ILM-UD-DIN DIN

(4 DEC  1908 TO 31 Oct 1929)

THIS YOUNG MAN  KILL RAJ PAL WHO DISGRACED OUR BELOVED PROPHET MUHAMMED (SALALAHO ALAYHI WASALAM) BY PUBLISHING THE BOOK ,HE ATTACKED HIM WITH THE SWIFTNESS OF A TIGER AND HE FELL DEAD ON THE GROUND. GHAZI ALAM DEEN WENT OUT OF THE SHOP AND FELL IN SAJDAH, AND THANKED THE LORD OF THE WORLDS WHO GRANTED HIM SUCCESS. THE POLICE ARRESTED ALAM DEEN, AND SENT HIM TO MIANWALI JAIL SITUATED IN PUNJAB PROVINCE OF PAKISTAN ON OCTOBER 4, 1929. HE WENT TO TRIAL AND WAS DECLARED GUILTY. HE WAS GIVEN DEATH PENALTY.

HIS LAST NIGHT IN MIANWALI JAIL

AT LAST, ON 31 OCTOBER 1929, THE TIME ARRIVED FOR GHAZI ILM-UD-DIN TO MEET HIS LORD. GHAZI ILM-UD-DIN DIN SPENT THE WHOLE NIGHT IN REMEMBRANCE OF HIS LORD, AND TAHAJJUD. HE READ QURAN AND PRAYED TO HIS LORD TO FORGIVE HIM WITH HIS MERCY.EXECUTION.THE NEXT MORNING HE WAS HANGED IN MIANWALI JAIL. THE AUTHORITIES BURIED HIS SACRED BODY WITHOUT JANAZAH PRAYER IN FRONT OF THE MIANWALI JAIL BUT WITH THE INTERVENTION OF LEADERS LIKE DR. ALLAMA MUHAMMED IQBAL AND MIAN ABDUL AZIZ THE MUSLIMS WERE ABLE TO GET HIS BODY BACK. WHEN THE BODY WAS DUG OUT OF THE GRAVE, IT WAS FOUND TO BE THE SAME AS IT WAS AT THE TIME OF BURIAL; EVEN THE SHROUD HAD NOT CHANGED ITS COLOR. IT WAS 14 NOVEMBER 1929. THE DEAD BODY OF ILMUDDIN WAS IN THE GRAVE FROM 31 OCTOBER TO 14 NOVEMBER BUT ALLAH SUBHANUHU WA TA’ALA PRESERVED IT. HE WAS BURIED AT THE GRAVE YARD OF MIANI SAHIB BAHAWALPUR ROAD LAHORE, PAKISTAN. A MOSQUE IS ALSO BUILT IN MIANWALI JAIL, MIANWALI PAKISTAN CALLED GHAZI ILMUDDIN SHAHEED MOSQUETO OFFER HIM TRIBUTE FOR HIS BRAVERY AND SACRIFICE.

GHAZI ILMUDDIN SHAHEED MOSQUE

IN MIANWALI JAIL

BHAGAT SINGH

BHAGAT SINGH (27 SEPTEMBER 1907 – 23 MARCH 1931) WAS AN INDIAN FREEDOM FIGHTER, CONSIDERED TO BE ONE OF THE MOST INFLUENTIAL REVOLUTIONARIES OF THE INDIAN INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENT. HE IS OFTEN REFERRED TO AS SHAHEED BHAGAT SINGH (THE WORD SHAHEED MEANS “MARTYR”).HE WAS ALSO KEPT IN MIANWALI JAIL

MUNICIPAL LIBRARY MIANWALI OPENING IN 1946

RELIGIOUS PLACES

MIANWALI IS HAVING APPROXIMATELY  =  820 MASJIDS



Brailvi.                         = 640

Deoband.                    =129

Ahle Hadis.                = 11

Imam Bargah.          =63+40 (Masque)

Churches.                   = 06

DREAM LAND PARK MIANWALI

MIANWALI RAILWAY STATION

DISTRICT HEADQUATER HOSPITAL 

MIANWALI

 


Comments

MIANWALI — 68 Comments

  1. i would like to request young n energetic mianwalians living in Pakistan elsewhere to capture a rare collection of mianwali images from around all mianwali places.our distt. is very very beautiful but we ve not yet been able to present its fascination before the world.please give attention n time to our beloved distt.
    thanks

  2. it is a very nice site but there r some missing places in this site . i request u to aad these places . like tomb of mian shahbin kundle. beatifullview of metha khatak. beatifull view of makarwall .

  3. Can anyone supply the e/m addresses of Hospitals or Clinics based in Mianwali – I need to source an Institute that will complete Offshore Medical testing for Pakistani based contractors

    Help

  4. Bhai jan ap ny bhot achi koshish ki ye web site lounch kr k ap jaisay logon per hamin fakhar hy thanks bhai.
    “i love mian wali esa khel and my villag Maseet wala”
    Malik Abid Aziz petroling police dara tang esa khel.
    03013951420

  5. Yar dil Khush kar dia aap logon ny, Khush rahoo, Jitni muhabat ham loog Apny Mianwali sy karty haen agar es k ley ham thora thora kam bhi shoro kar deen to esy dunia ka aik Model District bana sakty haen.

    Azhar

  6. wowwwwwwwww,,,,a lot of colorful,creative and cultural content added to our favourite site now,,,,the master mind of 786isakhel.com has created a new history,,,,trend setter,,a genius and loyal son of the land,,,,hats off to the author,,,,,

  7. both acha keya jis nay keya ab hamaray zila k logoo ko jo kafi arsa say as zila say bahir hain un ko apnay zila ki khobsorat pic daknay ko milay ge aur shaid ani pic ki waja say woh apnay zila ko daknay k leya batab hoo aur yaha ayin too ya as web site ki kamyabi hay..

  8. Web should explain itself rather then viewer searching it for its content. It should tell at the very first page what all it contain scrolling up and down makes it cumbersome and difficult and viewer looses interest. With due respect it is lacking professional touch.

  9. All these information is good, but does not u think it is adiquit for any the person who know mianwali or ever visited the mianwali. please add some information in shape of pictures which show its culture its life style, profesion of people, main enterance from all sides.
    if it is already added then may be i could not visited it properly,
    i would be ashamed.
    any how wonderful, but can be more wonderful if u make it more informatic.
    thanks a lot . Allah Make you successful.

  10. Ye information jis ny bhe yahan rakhi hai main ussy apni taraf sy thnx kehta hun k os hmari city ki achi tarah sy tarif ki

  11. I am very happy and well contented after seeing such effort. Although, the website is much informative, illuminating and enlightening the city ‘Mianwali’, but still the it is not appealing in terms of its less user friendly interface. It is to be advised to attract and grab viewership and make the website more appropriate, convenient and informative for the new users as well as the older ones, by transforming and modifying all the pages in compact view, also navigation between pages requires more attention.

    Thanks and Regards,

    Sadia

  12. Aoa,mujay apnay dissitt pay fakher hay.lakin meri siasi leaderon say apeal hay k wo Mianwali main aisay kaam keren jis say hamaray is dissitt ka naam puray punjab k azlaa say munfarid ho.misal k toar pay kalabagh dem bananay k liay koshish kere,roadon ki halat behter say behter kerwaen.bemaroon k liay hospital honay zaroori hain.kaafi saray kaam honay baaqi hain.Allah pak hamaray dissitt ko 4 chand laga day.Aameen.

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