KUNDIAN IS LOCATED ON MIANWALI- DERA ISMAIL KHAN ROAD, ABOUT 18 KM AWAY FROM MIANWALI CITY IN SOUTH. THERE ARE TWO NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS OF PAEC; CHASHMA NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS 1 & 2. THESE PLANTS ARE ALSO SOMETIME NAMED AS KNC (KUNDIAN NUCLEAR COMPLEX). WAPDA HAS ALSO ITS HYDEL POWER GENERATION PLANT IN KUNDIAN ON INDUS RIVER.

MAP OF KUNDIAN

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HISTORY OF KUNDIAN

HISTORICALLY KUNDIAN HAS BEEN NAMED AFTER ITS DOMINANT KUNDI POPULATION. KUNDI IS BELIEVED TO BE A PAKHTOON OR ARAB ORIGIN PATHAN TRIBE.

MALIK AZEEM KUNDI

THE KUNDI PATHANS BELONGING TO DISTRICT TANK OF KHYBER PUKHTUNKHUA PROVINCE RELATE THEMSELVES TO THIS TRIBE OF MIANWALI. WHERE AS A FEW CONSIDER IT AS DESCENDENTS OF RENOWNED “AL KUNDAH OR BANU KINDAH” TRIBE OF YEMEN AND IRAQ (YAAQUB-AL-KINDI HAS BEEN A PROMINENT ARAB SCIENTIST OF MEDIAEVAL CENTURIES). FAMOUS NIAZI PATHANS, WATTOOS,AWANS AND SUMBAL PATHANS OF TARTAR PEDIGREE ARE ALSO PREVAILENT TRIBES OF THE UNION COUNCIL. MOREOVER KALYAR,SIYAL, JOIYA, LAIRA, RIDHANI, BHARIYON, DARHAL, GHANJERA AND RAJPUTS ARE ALSO PROMINENT ONES. KUNDIAN HAS A HIGHER LITERACY RATE AMONG MIANWALI TEHSILS AND UNION COUNCILS.

KUNDIAN PAKISTAN RAILWAY

LOCO SHED CITY

THE CITY HAS A RAILWAY JUNCTION STATION. PAKISTAN HAS 2 RAILWAY LOCO SHED; ONE IS IN KUNDIAN. RAILWAY LOCO OF KUNDIAN IS A MOST BENEFICIAL FOR PAKISTAN.RAILWAY. KUNDIAN’S MOST PEOPLE SERVING IN RAILWAY.

GLIMPSES

OF

KUNDIAN RAILWAY JUNCTION AND LOCOMOTIVE SHED





MELA SINGH KHOKHAR

WHO BUILT FIRST GUDWARA IN KUNDIAN

A SIKH MELA SINGH KHOKHAR WHOSE SERVED  IN  KUNDIAN  RAILWAY  IN 1904  BUILT FIRST  GUDWARA IN KUNDIAN. DETAILS ARE AS UNDER

THE PEOPLE SELECTED MELA SINGH KHOKHAR PRESIDENT OF THE GURDWARA . THE STAFFS OF ALL DEPARTMENTS COOPERATED WITH HIM, AND IN PLACE OF A SMALL MUD HOUSE, A BIG BRICK BUILDING OF GURDWARA CAME UP. AFTER THE PROJECT WAS COMPLETED, HE VERY HUMBLY GOT ASIDE AND LEFT GURDWARA TO THE SANGAT – CONGREGATION, TO MANAGE IT. HE BELIEVED, AFTER THE GOAL WAS ACHIEVED, ONE SHOULD GET ASIDE WHEN ONE WAS STILL RESPECTED.

 AT KUNDIAN, MELA SINGH WAS AWARDED MANY CERTIFICATES DUE TO HIS DEDICATED, INTELLIGENT HARD WORK, AND COMPASSIONATE HANDLING OF THE STAFF.

HE WAS PAINED TO SEE THAT DOST MOHAMMAD, SON OF A VERY ABLE BLACKSMITH ALI MOHAMMAD, THOUGH A QUALIFIED FITTER, WAS SERVING AS A COOLY IN THE CARRIAGE SHOP. WITH HIS STRONG RECOMMENDATIONS HE GOT HIM PROMOTED AS A RIVETTER. HIS OPNION WAS THAT ONE SHOULD GET WHAT ONE DESERVES – THE QUALITIES OF NO ONE SHOULD EVER GO TO WASTE.

WHEN TRANSFERRED FROM KUNDIAN, HE WAS GIVEN A BIG PARTY BY THE CARRIAGE AND WAGON, LOCO, AND STATION MASTER’S STAFF, ALL  COMBINED. HIS WORK AND QUALITIES WERE HIGHLY APPRECIATED, AND GIFTS WERE GIVEN – A GOLD RING, AND A CANE STICK WITH HIS NAME INLAID ON ITS HANDLE, ETC. HE WITH HIS FAMILY WAS TAKEN TO HIS DECORATED RAILWAY COMPARTMENT IN A PROCESSION LED BY RANGA AND MATHURA BEATING DRUMS AND DANCING. HE HAD A HIGH PILE OF GARLANDS AROUND HIS NECK, AND HIS FACE WAS HALF COVERED WITH THEM. THERE WAS A RUSH OF FRIENDS AND FANS AT THE RAILWAY PLATFORM, AND SPEECHES WERE GIVEN IN HIS HONOR. THE TRAIN LEFT WITH CRACKERS BURSTING ON THE RAILWAY TRACK, AND THE PEOPLE ON THE PLATFORM SAW HIM OFF WITH HEAVY HEARTS, WELLED UP EYES, AND BEATING DRUMS.

MAHARAJA RANJIT SINGH LAUCHED 

CAMPAIGN AGAINST

MANKERA AND DERA ISMAIL KHAN FROM KUNDIAN

IN 1821, A CAMPAIGN WAS LAUNCHED AGAINST MANKERA–ANOTHER STRONG HOLD OF THE PATHANS AND  MAHARAJA RANJIT SINGH HIMSELF REACHED KUNDIAN VIA KHUSHAB AFTER CROSSING RIVER JEHLUM. S. HARI SINGH NALWA AND MISAR DIWAN CHAND ALSO REACHED THERE WITH THEIR ARMY. THE ENTIRE ARMY MARCHED INTO MANKERA FROM KUNDIAN.THE FORT OF BHAKHAR WAS WON AND A SMALL CONTINGENT OF SIKHS INVADED DERA ISMAIL KHAN. THIS CAMPAIGN BROUGHT AN AREA YIELDING OVER TEN LAKHS PER YEAR IN REVENUE INTO THE SIKH RAJ.

TOURISM SPOTS IN KUNDIAN

CHASHMA LAKE, CHASHMA BARRAGE, INDUS RIVER CULTURE OF KUNDIAN: CHASHMA (KUNDIAN) HAS TURNED A FAMOUS VISITING POINT IN MIANWALI.



SCHOOLS IN KUNDIAN

HIGHER SECONDARY AND MIDDLE SCHOOLS FOR BOYS AND GIRLS, MANY PRIMARY AND PRIVATE SCHOOLS ARE ALSO OFFERING EDUCATION FOR BOTH MALE AND FEMALE.JAUHAR LYCEUM SCHOOL PAEC MODEL SCHOOL AND COLLEGE FOR BOYS AND GIRLS.

BANKS IN KUNDIAN

MCB BANK CHASHMA BARRAGE ASKARI BANK CHASHMA BARRAGE NATIONAL BANK

 ROADS AND TRANSPORTATION IN KUNDIAN:

KUNDIAN IS LINKED WITH MIANWALI, SARGODHA, DI KHAN AND MULTAN VIA ROAD.

CHASHMA BARRAGE PAKISTAN
GOOGLE EARTH EYE

WATER STORAGE RESERVOIR

DESCRIPTION OF SITE

A LARGE BARRAGE ON THE INDUS RIVER WITH A SERIES OF EMBANKMENTS OR FLOOD BUNDS WHICH, AT LOW WATER LEVELS, DIVIDE THE RESERVOIR INTO FIVE SHALLOW LAKES EACH OF UP TO 250 HA IN AREA. THE CONSTRUCTION WAS COMPLETED IN 1971. MAXIMUM FLOODING OCCURS IN SPRING. THE DEPTH OF THE FIVE LAKES VARIES FROM 0.2M IN THE DRY SEASON TO 5.0M AT THE HEIGHT OF THE FLOOD SEASON;THE DEPTH OF THE MAIN RIVER CHANNEL VARIES FROM 4.6M TO 8.8M. PH VALUES RANGE FROM 6.5 TO 7.2.

CHASHMA HYDEL POWER STATION

CHASHMA HYDEL POWER STATION IS LOCATED ON THE RIVER INDUS CLOSE TO RIGHT EMBANKMENT OF CHASHMA BARRAGE. IT IS LOW HEAD HYDEL POWER STATION UTILIZING AVAILABLE HEAD OF 04 METERS TO 13 METERS. BULB TYPE TURBINES HAVE BEEN INSTALLED HERE AND IT IS THE 1ST ONE OF SUCH TYPE IN PAKISTAN. IT IS RUN-OF-RIVER PLANT  AND ITS OPERATION / LOADING IS DICTATED BY THE RELEASES DOWNSTREAM CHASHMA RESERVOIR BEING CONTROLLED BY THE INDUS RIVER SYSTEM AUTHORITY (IRSA).

ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION

FROM CHASHMA HYDEL POWER STATION 

DURING 2009-2010

NET ELECTRICAL OUTPUT DURING FY 2009-10= 1058.076 MKWH

MAXIMUM MONTHLY GENERATION ATTAINED DURING MAY, 2010 = 122.989 MKWH

MAXIMUM DAILY GENERATION ATTAINED ON MAY 24, 2010 = 4.348 MKWH

MAXIMUM LOAD ATTAINED ON 7TH& 8TH JULY, 2009 = 184 MW

CLIMATIC CONDITIONS

DRY SUBTROPICAL CLIMATE WITH HOT SUMMERS AND COOL WINTERS. THE ANNUAL RAINFALL VARIES FROM 300-500MM, AND THE RELATIVE HUMIDITY FROM 22-85%. THE AVERAGE MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE IN JUNE IS 41ºC AND THE AVERAGE MINIMUM IN JANUARY IS 4.5ºC

ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL VALUE

THE PRINCIPAL VALUES ARE FLOOD CONTROL, STORAGE OF WATER FOR IRRIGATION, GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY AND FISHERIES PRODUCTION. MORE THAN 1000 METRIC TONNES OF FISH WERE HARVESTED IN 1992. THE YIELD HAS INCREASED TO A LARGE EXTENT IN RECENT YEARS. THE MARSH VEGETATION SUPPORTS A LOCAL WEAVING INDUSTRY. THE BARRAGE ALSO PROVIDES EXCELLENT OPPORTUNITIES FOR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND CONSERVATION EDUCATION.

FAUNA

A VERY IMPORTANT STAGING AND WINTERING AREA FOR A WIDE VARIETY OF WATERFOWL. THE WETLAND HAS BEEN SUPPORTING OVER 50,000 ANATIDAE AND COOTS IN MID-WINTER, AND IN SOME YEARS MANY MORE. OVER 114,000 BIRDS WERE PRESENT IN JANUARY 1975, AND ABOUT 100,000 IN JANUARY 1987 AND JANUARY 1988 AND MORE THAN 200,000 IN JANUARY, 1989, 1990 AND 1991. THE MOST ABUNDANT SPECIES ARE ANAS PENELOPE, A. CRECCA, A. ACUTA, AYTHYA FERINA AND FULICA ATRA. MAXIMUM COUNTS OF FULICA ATRA HAVE BEEN 165,400; 85,600 AND 82,400 IN JANUARY 1989, 1990 AND 1991 RESPECTIVELY. THERE IS A SMALL WINTERING FLOCK OF ANSER ANSER AND ANSER INDICUS OCCASIONALLY OCCURS ON PASSAGE AND IN WINTER (RECENT MAXIMA OF 277 IN 1982 AND 65 IN 1985)

CHASHMA NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS

THERE ARE 2 NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS OF PAEC; CHASHMA NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS 1 & 2. THESE PLANTS ARE ALSO SOMETIME NAMED AS KNC (KUNDIAN NUCLEAR COMPLEX). WAPDA HAS ALSO ITS HYDEL POWER GENERATION PLANT IN KUNDIAN ON INDUS RIVER.


Comments

KUNDIAN-THE LAND OF CHASMA — 9 Comments

  1. A lot of info is supplied on this page ..about ours Kundian but the origin or early life of kundian is however not mentioned …..well done however………appreciated page …

  2. Nice and detailed introduction of Kundian but required detail introduction of kundi family and their contributions for the land of chashma, Please mention them in detail…………..

  3. I heard the story about the ghost in mianwali about 18 to 22 feet long ghost looks like a human is located and very powerfull i watn to know is this true thing……. kindly someone tell me about that

  4. this is a beautifull information page,but few requirements is not given, like kundi femlies detail,cost and sub cost for the all living people,we are waiting,plz you publish its detail again.

  5. I passed matric from Govt. High School Kundian in 1976 (now it is higher sec school)when Khuda Bakhsh Malik was headmaster. We lived in railway colony then. My father was railway employee. He was transferred from Kundian to Kohat in 1976. The pictures of railway station, loco shed and chashma barrage reminded me the old good days and chilhood memories.

  6. It’s a commendable job, I appreciate the efforts. It’s great tribute to one’s own region, a nice effort to preserve the history, culture and traditions of our Mianwali. Initially, it seems to be a thirsty work but with the passage of time and contribution of all the Mianwalians it would become an authentic source of information about Mianwali.So,I would request all the Mianwalians to put their share to make this website more detailed one. Once again salute to the person who thought of initiating such work.

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