WELCOME

TO

CHASHMA

BACKGROUND OF CHASHMA

THE CHASHMA POWER PLANT PROJECT WAS FIRST INITIATED IN THE 1970S WITH FRENCH ASSISTANCE.  FRANCE TERMINATED ITS ASSISTANCE IN 1978.  SUBSEQUENTLY UNDER AMERICAN PRESSURE EVEN THE REPROCESSING PLANT WHICH HAD BEEN AGREED TO WITH IAEA SAFEGUARDS BY FRANCE WAS ALSO ABANDONED.

THE PROJECT WAS SUBSEQUENTLY TAKEN BY THE CHINA NUCLEAR ENERGY INDUSTRY CORPORATION (CNEIC) AS A COOPERATIVE PROJECT BETWEEN PAKISTAN AND CHINA.  WORK STARTED IN AUGUST 1993 .   THE PLANT WENT “CRITICAL” ON 3 MAY 2000 AND CONNECTED TO THE GRID OF WAPDA ON JUNE 13, 2000.  THE PAEC TOOK OVER THE PLANT ON SEPTEMBER 25, 2000.

TIMELINE

OF

CHASHMA NUCLEAR POWER PLANT

COMMISSION DATE –       UNIT 1: JUNE 06, 2000

UNIT 2: JANUARY 27, 2011

UNIT 3: JUNE 08, 2015

UNIT 4: MARCH 06, 2017

OPERATOR(S)         PAKISTAN ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION (PAEC)

REACTOR INFORMATION

REACTORS OPERATIONAL         2 REACTOR

REACTORS UNDER CONSTRUCTION   1,300 MW- (4 REACTORS)

REACTORS PLANNED       2,800 MW- (5 REACTORS)

THE CHASHMA NUCLEAR POWER COMPLEX

THE CHASHMA NUCLEAR POWER COMPLEX NEAR CHASHMA CITY, PUNJAB, PAKISTAN, IS A COMMERCIAL NUCLEAR POWER GENERATION COMPLEX, CONSISTING OF CHASHMA NUCLEAR POWER PLANT-I (CHASNUPP-I) AND CHASHMA NUCLEAR POWER PLANT-II (CHASNUPP-II) WITH CHASNUPP-III AND CHASNUPP-IV ARE IN THE PLANNING STAGES. CHASHMA NUCLEAR POWER PLANT’S REACTORS AND OTHER FACILITIES ARE BEING BUILT AND OPERATED BY THE PAKISTAN ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION WITH CHINESE SUPPORT.

THE IAEA AS WELL AS THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY RECOGNIZE THE URGENCY OF PAKISTAN’S ENERGY NEEDS, WHICH ARE EXPECTED TO GROW SEVEN TO EIGHT TIMES BY 2030.IN NOVEMBER 2006, THE INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY APPROVED AN AGREEMENT WITH THE PAKISTAN ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION FOR NEW NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS TO BE BUILT IN THE COUNTRY WITH CHINESE ASSISTANCE. THE 35-MEMBER BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE IAEA UNANIMOUSLY APPROVED THE SAFEGUARDS AGREEMENT FOR ANY FUTURE NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS THAT PAKISTAN WILL BE CONSTRUCTING.

CHASHMA NUCLEAR POWER PLANT I

CHASHMA NUCLEAR POWER PLANT I IS LOCATED AT KUNDIAN, PUNJAB, PAKISTAN. CHASNUPP-1 IS THE ONLY REACTOR PRESENTLY OPERATING AT THE CHASHMA NUCLEAR COMPLEX.

CHASHMA NUCLEAR POWER PLANT II

CHASHMA NUCLEAR POWER PLANT II IS A NUCLEAR POWER STATION IS ALSO OPERATIONAL AT KUNDIAN, PUNJAB, PAKISTAN. IT IS PART OF THE CHASHMA NUCLEAR POWER COMPLEX IN THE NORTHWESTERN REGION OF THE THAL DOAB. THE SITE IS LOCATED SOUTH OF MIANWALI, NEAR THE CHASHMA BARRAGE AND ON THE LEFT BANK OF THE INDUS RIVER.AT THE END OF 2008 STEAM GENERATION PLANT, DOME CONSTRUCTION AND GRID INTERCONNECT WERE COMPLETE . AS OF APRIL 10, 2011, THE POWER PLANT HAS BEEN COMPLETED, AND IS UNDERGOING FURTHER TESTING, WITH A LIMITED OUTPUT OF 300MW OF ELECTRICITY BEING PRODUCED DURING THE TRIAL PERIOD.

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 CHASHMA NUCLEAR POWER PLANT III & IV

ON APRIL 28, 2009 A GENERAL ENGINEERING AND DESIGN CONTRACT FOR CHASNUPP-3 AND CHASNUPP-4 WAS SIGNED WITH SHANGHAI NUCLEAR ENGINEERING RESEARCH AND DESIGN INSTITUTE. THE UNITS WILL BOTH HAVE GENERATION CAPACITY OF 340MWE AND A DESIGN LIFE OF 40 YEARS. MUCH OF THE DESIGN WORK HAS ALREADY BEEN COMPLETED BY SNERDI IN ANTICIPATION TO MEET LEAD-TIME REQUIREMENTS.

NUCLEAR ENGINEERING TRAINING CENTER

THE COMPLEX HAS ITS OWN TRAINING ESTABLISHMENT, KNOWN AS CHASCENT (CHASNUPP CENTER OF NUCLEAR TRAINING). CHASCENT HOUSES A FULL SCOPE TRAINING SIMULATOR (FSTS) FOR CHASNUPP-1 AND A SIMILAR FACILITY FOR CHASNUPP-2 IS UNDER CONSTRUCTION. THE SIMULATOR IS USED FOR PROVIDING TRAINING TO THE NUCLEAR POWER PLANT OPERATORS. APART FROM TRAINING NUCLEAR PLANT OPERATORS THE CENTER OFFERS VARIOUS ENGINEERING PROGRAMS AT DIPLOMA AND DEGREE LEVELS. THE CENTER IS CURRENTLY IN A PHASE OF EXPANSION TO CATER TO AN EVER-INCREASING DEMAND FOR QUALITY TECHNICIANS AND ENGINEERS WITHIN PAEC

CHASHMA NUCLEAR POWER PLANT

 SITE  SATELLITE IMAGE

  JULY 9, 2010

GOOGLE EARTH   POSTED GEOEYE SATELLITE IMAGERY TAKEN ON FEBRUARY 2, 2010 SHOWING THE CHASHMA  NUCLEAR SITE IN PAKISTAN (32.38858, 71.44955).    THE NEW IMAGERY SHOWS BOTH THE CHASNUPP1- 1 AND 2 REACTORS, AS WELL AS A NEW CLEARING THAT COULD BE INTENDED FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF ADMINISTRATIVE BUILDINGS (SEE FIGURE 1).  CONSTRUCTION WORK ON THE CHASNUPP 2 REACTOR HAS PROGRESSED WITH A COMPLETED STACK, A NEARLY COMPLETED ROW OF COOLING TOWERS AND A ROOF PLACED ON TOP OF THE REACTOR AND ASSOCIATED BUILDINGS (SEE FIGURE 2 AND 3). CHINA ASSISTED PAKISTAN IN BUILDING THE CHASNUPP 1 AND 2 REACTORS.  THE CHASNUPP 1 REACTOR IS ALREADY OPERATIONAL, AND THE CHASNUPP 2 REACTOR IS UNDER CONSTRUCTION.  CHINA AND PAKISTAN ARE SEEKING TO COOPERATE ON THE CONSTRUCTION OF A THIRD AND FOURTH REACTOR AT THE CHASHMA SITE.  THE US HAS STATED THAT CHINA SHOULD PROVIDE FURTHER DETAILS REGARDING THIS NUCLEAR COOPERATION WITH PAKISTAN AT THE CHASHMA SITE AND THAT THE DEAL REQUIRES APPROVAL FROM THE NUCLEAR SUPPLIERS GROUP (NSG). THERE ALSO APPEARS TO BE CONTINUING CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITY ON A COMPOUND IN THE SOUTHWEST SECTION OF THE SITE (SEE FIGURE 4).  ISIS SPECULATED IN A 2007 REPORT THAT THIS MAY BE THE SITE OF THE PREVIOUSLY OVERGROWN AND UNUSED CHASHMA REPROCESSING FACILITY.  THIS COMPOUND APPEARED ABANDONED IN SATELLITE IMAGERY FROM 2000, BUT RESURGENCE IN CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITY CAN BE SEEN IN THE YEARS THAT FOLLOWED.

PICTORIAL
VISIT TO CHASHMA



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